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Humans in History

Finding the Remains of Birger Magnusson, founder of Stockholm

Birger Magnusson was the ruler of Sweden for nearly two decades in the 1200s. He was never a Swedish king, but held the title of “jarl” (the equivalent of duke or earl) and ruled...

Y-Chromosome ‘Adam’ and Me – Using Y-DNA to Trace Ancient Paternal Roots

Differences in the outward physical features of people from around the world make us appear very uniquely distinct from each other. However, our DNA, the hereditary material that carries information on how to build...

Analyzing the DNA to the Last Viking King

Sven Estridsen was the last Viking King of the Scandinavian Viking Era, which lasted from the 8th century to the 11th century. According to historical documents, Sven Estridsen and his mother, Estrid, were entombed...

The Spread of DNA From “Niall of the Nine Hostages”

Niall Noigiallach aka "Niall of the Nine Hostages" was one of the greatest Irish kings. He ruled Ireland in the fifth century and was said to have consolidated his power by leading raids on...

Compare Your DNA to Ötzi the Iceman – a 5000 year old mummy

In 1991, the remains of a human mummy were discovered in a glacier near the Austro-Italian border. The spontaneous freeze-drying process had kept the body, clothing and equipment in an incredible state of preservation,...

Investigating the Famous Tomb of the Shroud

The Tomb of the Shroud is a first century tomb at the foot of Mount Zion in Akeldama, Jerusalem. This tomb is one of more than 70 tombs in an area known as the...

Discovering the Long-Lost Romanovs

The Romanov family was the last imperial family of Russia. Tsar Nicholas II was the eldest son of Emperor Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna of Denmark. He married Princess Alix of Hess and by...

Searching for ‘Genetic Eve’ – Mitochondrial DNA and Ancient Maternal Ancestry

Do you look like your mother or your father? Perhaps, you look like both of them or maybe you don’t look like your parents at all. Regardless of appearances, all children are a genetic...

Finding the Remains of Georgian Queen Ketevan

Queen Ketevan was a queen of Kakheti in eastern Georgia. In 1614, she became a prisoner of Shah Abbas I of Iran in a failed attempt to prevent Kakheti from being attacked by the...

The Mystery of Saint Leopold’s Successor

Saint Leopold III was the Margrave of Austria from 1095 until his death in 1136. He was a member of the House of Babenberg. His first wife died in 1105 and his second wife...

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