Marie Antoinette, Queen of France and Navarre

Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. Wife of King Louis XVI of France.

Executed by guillotine on October 16 1793, during the French Revolution.

Daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress. Mother of Maria Thérèse (Queen of France), Louis Joseph (Dauphin of France), Louis XVII (of France) and Princess Sophie.

Her mtDNA HVR1 and HVR2 profile was derived from DNA testing of ancient hair samples from herself and two of her sisters, and from samples collected from two living maternal line descendants of Maria Theresa – Queen Anne of Romania and André de Bourbon Parme.