Holy Roman Empress and the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions.
Daughter of Emperor Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor and Elisabeth Christine, Holy Roman Empress. Mother of 16 children including:
– Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
– Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
– Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Sicily
– Maria Antoinette, Queen of France and Navarre.
Her mtDNA HVR1 and HVR2 profile was derived from DNA testing of ancient hair samples from three of her daughters, and from samples collected from two living maternal line descendants – Queen Anne of Romania and André de Bourbon Parme.