Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 to 1792. Succeeded his elder brother, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor to the throne.
Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790.
Son of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress. 15 siblings including Joseph II (Holy Roman Emperor), Maria Carolina (Queen of Naples and Sicily) and Marie Antoinette (Queen of France and Navarre).
His mtDNA HVR1 and HVR2 profile was derived from DNA testing of ancient hair samples from three of his sisters, and from samples collected from two living maternal line descendants of Maria Theresa – Queen Anne of Romania and André de Bourbon Parmis.