Edward ‘Ned’ Kelly was an infamous Australian outlaw. He was imprisoned at 16 years old for stealing horses, and at 23 years old he was indicted for the attempted murder of a police officer, so fled to the bush. Over the next two years, Kelly and his associates committed several bank robberies and murders, before a final confrontation with police in 1880, where Kelly was captured and sentenced to hanging at the Old Melbourne Gaol.
Ned Kelly was the son of an Irish convict (John ‘Red’ Kelly) and an Australian woman with Irish parentage (Ellen Kelly).
His mtDNA HVR1/HVR2 haplotype was determined by DNA testing of his skeletal remains removed from a reburial pit at the Pentridge Prison. This mtDNA was confirmed by mtDNA analysis of a maternal descendant of Ned Kelly’s mother.