King of France from 1824 to 1830 and the last of the French rulers from the senior branch of the House of Bourbon. As the youngest male in the family, it was unlikely that he would become King of France. However, his oldest brother (Louis Joseph) died in childhood, the next brother (King Louis XVI) was executed during the French Revolution (and his son, Louis XVII, died in captivity) and King Louis XVIII died from obesity without leaving any children.
Son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Josepha of Saxony, brother of King Louis XVI and King Louis XVIII, and uncle of the young King Louis XVII. He married Marie Thérèse of Savoy, with whom he had two sons. King Charles X reign ended during the July Revolution of 1830, and Louis-Philip of Orléans was elected as the new King of the French.
Y-DNA STR profile was determined by DNA testing of three paternal descendants of his paternal ancestor King Louis III.