King of the French from 1830 to 1848, as the leader of the Orléanist party. The Orléanist branch also descended from King Louis XIII but from his younger son, Philip I (the younger brother of King Louis XIV). He became King of the French after his cousin, Charles X, was forced to abdicate during the July Revolution.
Son of Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon. He married Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily, with whom he had ten children. His reign lasted until the February 1848 Revolution, when he fled to England and spent the remainder of his life in Claremont, Surrey.
Y-DNA STR profile was determined by DNA testing of one of his paternal descendants (João Henrique, Prince of Orléans-Braganza) and two other paternal descendants of King Louis III.